Flip Globe | 29 September 2023
Oleh : Rizqi Akbar
The government has set the average increase for minimum wage in Indonesia for 2023. Interestingly, you will undoubtedly find different figures or numbers in each province across this country.
Read this article for a complete list of them and the average increase they have had. Expand your insight by learning about daily and hourly wages as well.
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Photo by CNN
Following the announcement by the Indonesian Ministry of Manpower, the minimum wage in Indonesia has experienced an average increase of 7.5 percent in 2023. Even under the Regulation of the Minister of Manpower No. 18/2022, the provincial minimum wage (UMP) for 2023 has been set by a maximum of 10%.
There is a fixed formula that led to the above increase, namely regional economic growth and the regional inflation rate, not to mention a particular index. The index usually describes the labor contribution to economic growth.
For the Indonesian government, calculating the minimum wage serves as an act to balance the increase demanded by social policy and the requirement to make Indonesia attractive for labor-intensive manufacturing.
The above ministry regulation also set the provincial minimum wage (UMP) in 34 provinces across Indonesia.
According to Kompas, DKI Jakarta still holds the highest 2023 UMP, namely IDR 4,901,798, experiencing an increase of 5.6 percent. At the same time, Central Java has the lowest UMP of IDR 1,958,169, despite an increase of 8.01% from the previous year.
Furthermore, ASEANBriefing provides the complete list of monthly minimum wage in Indonesia in each province for 2023. The data is on a rupiah basis, where US$1 is IDR 15,731.
Special Region of Yogyakarta
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
From the above data, we can see that West Sumatra has experienced the highest UMP increase for 2023, namely 9.15%. Whereas North Maluku has the lowest UMP increase by 4%.
Photo by ASEAN Briefing
The above monthly minimum wage in Indonesia has a normal working week of forty (40) hours. It is usually further divided into two, namely
Hourly wages are commonly set aside for part-timers (part-time workers) only. As for Indonesia, part-timers are now qualified for hourly wages.
How to determine or calculate the hourly wage? Here is the formula.
Hourly wage = monthly wage/126
As for daily wages, there are two formulas to obtain the final salary.
Daily wage = monthly wage/21
Daily wage = monthly wage/25
Agreement between employer and employees is allowable, still the final wage must not be lower than the calculation using the above formulas. The employer should pay in Rupiah and report the agreed-upon total wage to the Ministry of Manpower.
Indeed, the provision of a regional minimum wage has been one of the efforts carried out by the government to protect workers. The purpose is to urge companies or employers to pay the employees decent monthly wages or salaries.
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