5 Things about Culture in Indonesia that You Need to Know

5 Things about Culture in Indonesia that You Need to Know

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago located in Southeast Asia and consists of more than 17,000 islands. This country is the fourth most populous country in the world with a very diverse population. It has hundreds of distinct ethnic groups with distinct languages and traditions, which is the reason for the very diverse culture in Indonesia.

The rich cultural heritage influences various aspects of the life of Indonesian people. In this article, we are going to discuss more about key aspects of Indonesian culture.

People also read: Things Expats Need to Know About Indonesian Culture


Religion and Beliefs

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Source : Envato

The majority of the Indonesian population is Muslim and this country has the largest Muslim population in the world. That’s why Islam plays a significant role in shaping Indonesian culture and beliefs. However, the country also has significant populations practicing other religions such as Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. 

Aside from these 5 religions, there are also populations in Indonesia that maintain traditional beliefs. Their beliefs often centered on nature spirits, ancestral spirits, or other supernatural beings. They practice their beliefs and seek blessings or protection by performing rituals, ceremonies, and offerings. 


Arts and Crafts

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Source : Envato

Indonesia is known for its rich and beautiful traditional arts and crafts that are deeply rooted in the diverse culture of Indonesia. Some of the notable arts and crafts in Indonesia include woodcarving, pottery, silverwork, batik, songket bamboo crafts, wayang, and many more. 

While some of the regions may have the same art form, the shapes, and elements are highly different. That is because different culture often portrays different shapes, depictions, or techniques. Traditional arts and crafts often portray symbolism and meaning which makes them unique.


Traditional Performances

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Source : Envato

Indonesia is also famous for its rich tradition of performing arts. The country has diverse forms of traditional performances that showcase its cultural heritage. The purpose of the performances also varies, from religious ceremonies to formal occasions, and as a form of entertainment. 

Some of the notable traditional performances in Indonesia include wayang kulit performances, gamelan, traditional dances, and many more. Wayang kulit is a traditional Javanese shadow puppetry performance that combines storytelling, music, and intricate puppetry. They usually perform stories from ancient epics or legends such as Mahabharata, Ramayana, and many more.

There are also plenty of traditional dances performance in Indonesia and each region has its unique dances. The dances usually tell a story about legends or myths, wars, nature, and many more.



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Source : Envato

The diverse culture in Indonesia and the perfect climate to produce spices and herbs create a perfect combination for delicious, flavorful, and diverse dishes. In many regions of Indonesia, rice is the staple food, however, in other parts of the country, corn, potatoes, sago, cassava, and many more. 

With a wide variety of spices, herbs, and flavors, Indonesian cuisine is known for its bold flavors. The use of fresh herbs, spices, and other ingredients creates a delightful culinary experience. Some of the most popular traditional dishes from Indonesia include Nasi Goreng, Rendang, Sate, Soto, Nasi Padang, Gado-Gado, Pempek, Martabak, Babi Guling, and many more. 


Cultural Diversity

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Source : Envato

More than 300 distinct ethnic groups live in Indonesia and each has its unique cultural practices, customs, traditions, and languages. Javanese is the major ethnic group in Indonesia, followed by Sundanese, Malay, and many more. 

The diverse ethnic groups in this country contribute to the vibrant tapestry of traditions, customs, arts, and languages. Each culture has a unique identity, which together forms a culturally diverse country. This is what makes Indonesia fascinating as a country. 

If you love exploring different cultures and experiences, Indonesia is the perfect country to explore. Visit this country to enjoy the diverse culture in Indonesia and immerse yourself in its rich tradition. 


People also read: Be Familiar With Work Culture in Indonesia to Stay Productive!

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